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Оборудование для майнинга

Суть популярной на сегодняшний день добычи криптовалют заключается в осуществлении сложных вычислений и постоянной генерации новых блоков, за которые системой выплачиваются определенные вознаграждения в виде самих цифровых монет. В дальнейшем владельцу токенов доступна их хранение и продажа. Многих сейчас интересует ответ на вопрос, с чего начать майнинг криптовалюты в 2018 году. В данной ситуации все зависит от того, какой именно способ добычи будет выбран. С учетом этого пользователю необходимо будет купить оборудование для майнинга. Речь в данном случае идет как о ПК, так и о фермах, а также устройства Asic и специализированном ПО.

Зависимость оборудования для майнинга от способа добычи монет

купить оборудование для майнинга

В подавляющем большинстве случаев деятельность майнера сводится к контролированию работы устройств, выполняющих соответствующие вычисления, необходимые для генерации блоков.  На сегодняшний день пользователи имеют возможность добывать любые из представленных на рынке цифровых монет. При этом выбор конкретного оборудования для майнинга криптовалют напрямую обусловлен способом этой самой добычи. В числе доступных вариантов:

  • Криптодобыча в формате «соло». Речь в данном случае идет о самостоятельной генерации новых блоков, для реализации которой потребуется достаточно мощное и совсем не дешевое оборудование. Стоит напомнить, что на стадии становления майнинга именно этот метод был наиболее актуальным и демонстрировал рекордную рентабельность. Как правило, все затраты на техническое оснащение окупались в течение пары месяцев.
  • Услуги пулов. Данный вариант добычи токенов предусматривает коллективный труд, направленный на эффективное совместное создание новых блоков всеми участниками системы. При этом полученное вознаграждение со счета сервиса распределяется между всеми пользователями с учетом их вычислительных мощностей.
  • Облачный майнинг, в основе которого лежит аренда оборудования на специализированных онлайн-площадках.

оборудование для майнинга криптовалют

На сегодняшний день успешные майнеры используют лучшее оборудование, в том числе и поставляемое оптом из Китая. Речь идет как о комплектующих для ферм, так и о готовых комплексах. В перечень основных устройств входят:

  • видеоадаптеры;
  • Asic-майнеры, представляющие собой чипы, которые характеризуются повышенной вычислительной мощностью;
  • модули FPGA (к минусам устройств пользователи относят плохую синхронизацию друг с другом и достаточно высокие цены).

Критерии выбора оборудования для майнинга

Будущий добытчик токенов может пойти двумя путями – собрать ферму самостоятельно или же приобрести уже готовую, в зависимости от своих финансовых возможностей. Первый вариант предусматривает наличие следующего оборудования для майнинга биткоинов и других цифровых монет:

  • процессор;
  • видеоадаптеры;
  • материнская плата для майнинга;
  • блок питания;
  • жесткий диск соответствующего объема;
  • удлинители Riser, используемые для синхронизации видеокарт.

Отдельное внимание следует уделить системам охлаждения, поскольку процесс криптодобычи связан с обильным выделением тепла.

оборудование для майнинга биткоинов

Сейчас в Москве и других регионах РФ любой желающий может приобрести ферму и все ее компоненты. Однако задумываясь над тем, какое именно оборудование будет наиболее производительным и быстрее окупится, необходимо обращать внимание на следующие параметры:

  • Производительность видеоадаптеров. Чаще всего майнеры отдают предпочтение продукции марок Nvidia, ATI и Radeon.
  • Качество блока питания, мощностью не менее 1,2 кВт.
  • Достаточное количество слотов для видеокарт на материнской плате.

Помимо всего перечисленного опытные специалисты рекомендуют использовать твердотельные жесткие диски SSD, не имеющие подвижных элементов.

Видео: На каком оборудовании майнить в 2018 году

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