1 BTC  =  $ 8 365,26 -2,31 %

1 ETH  =  $ 181,54 -1,96 %

1 XRP  =  $ 0,26 -2,83 %

1 LTC  =  $ 57,49 -3,44 %

1 BCH  =  $ 250,05 -6,40 %

Хранение криптовалюты

Новичкам, постигающим азы обращения с цифровыми деньгами, следует знать не только в какую криптовалюту лучше вложиться, но и как ее правильно хранить. Для этого существует четыре основных способа, каждый из которых имеет свои хорошие и плохие стороны. Считается, что наиболее надежное — холодное хранение криптовалюты. Лучшие варианты — аппаратные кошельки и флеш-карты. Но и у них можно обнаружить свои недостатки.

холодное хранение криптовалюты

Безопасное хранение криптовалюты

Держать свои цифровые деньги можно в разных местах, для чего используются онлайн-сервисы, специальный софт, бумажные носители и съемные устройства. Интернет-кошелек для хранения криптовалюты имеет смысл заводить, если вы собираетесь торговать на бирже.

На всех подобных ресурсах клиент отрывает счет, куда переводит фиаты для покупки виртуальных активов. Это и есть онлайн-кошелек. Получить к нему доступ можно при подключении к сети, после захода на торговую площадку.

Очень удобно держать в нем суммы, необходимые для совершения сделок. При необходимости можно быстро инвестировать их в выбранные цифровые монеты. Чтобы сделать это максимально выгодным образом, следует обратиться к обзору рынка криптовалют и изучить его текущие тенденции. Держать крупные суммы в онлайн-хранилище не рекомендуется: у него низкая степень защиты, так что если биржу взломают, с деньгами можно будет попрощаться.

кошелек для хранения криптовалюты

Надежные способы хранения

Более надежным считается скаченный на ПК кошелек, который использует специальный софт. Программу можно найти на официальном сайте криптовалюты, например, биткоина или эфира, либо на общедоступных платежных ресурсах. Такие локальные хранилища можно использовать в оффлайн-режиме, а доступ в них получать не только через компьютер, но и через мобильные приложения для планшетов и смартфонов. Недостатков у таких локальных кошельков два: они слишком много весят (например, «портмоне» для BTC занимает свыше 150 гигов свободной памяти), а еще при скачивании можно занести на ПК вирус-хакер. Поэтому нужно очень тщательно выбирать сервисы со специализированным софтом и обращаться только к проверенным вариантам.

холодное хранение криптовалюты

Бумажный кошелек представляет собой листок бумаги с напечатанным на нем QR-кодом, который считывается через мобильное приложение.

  • Это самый новый способ хранения криптовалюты, отличающийся с одной стороны, простотой, с другой — имеющий сомнительную степень надежности.
  • Чтобы завести бумажный кошелек придется зарегистрироваться на специальном сервисе, что уже отрывает доступ через интернет и теоретически несет в себе риск взлома.
  • Кроме того, бумага — слишком недолговечный материал.

Листок с кодом можно случайно порвать, потерять или положить куда-то и забыть. Восстановить же потом код будет невозможно, а значит деньги потеряются навсегда.

безопасное хранение криптовалюты

Аппаратное хранение

Самое безопасное хранение криптовалюты — аппаратное, осуществляемое с помощью съемных устройств. В этой роли может выступать обычная флешка, куда закачивают тот же софт, о котором уже говорилось выше. Но в данном случае храниться он будет не на жестком диске, а на удаленном, что повышает уровень надежности. Но еще более удачный вариант — специальные чипы с несколькими уровнями защиты, которые предназначены только для одного — хранения больших сумм в криптовалюте. По внешнему виду эти устройства напоминают флеш-карты и точно так же присоединяются к ПК через USB-разъемы. Но начинка у них гораздо более сложная: никакой софт закачивать на них не нужно, он уже встроен и настроен на работу. Одним из лучших подобных устройств является Ledger Wallet, в котором можно хранить 30 видов цифровых монет. Единственный недостаток такого кошелька — высокая стоимость: около 800 USD.

Видео: Лучшие мультивалютные кошельки

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