1 BTC  =  $ 7 462,42 0,79 %

1 ETH  =  $ 148,94 0,33 %

1 XRP  =  $ 0,22 1,71 %

1 LTC  =  $ 45,31 0,84 %

1 BCH  =  $ 211,81 -0,28 %

Как хранить биткоины

Цифровые деньги, как известно, не имеют материального воплощения, но воплощают эквивалентную стоимость в фиатах, а потому приравниваются к ценному имуществу. И его можно лишиться, если не позаботиться о безопасности. Для биткоинов оптимальным способом защиты является хранение в специальных кошельках. Они бывают разные и имеют свои недостатки и преимущества. Стоит заранее узнать, как хранить биткоины после покупки или приобретения другим способом. Кошелек необходим еще и для того, чтобы воспользоваться конвертером биткоинов.

где и как лучше хранить биткоины

Как хранили первые биткоины

В настоящее время существует большой выбор кошельков для BTC, но ведущим является вариант, выбираемый большинством пользователей — Bitcoin Core. Он вырос из самой первой подобной программы, носившей название Bitcoin Qt, разработанной самим Сатоши Накамото. Эта версия появилась в 2009 году. Как хранили первые биткоины, наглядно демонстрирует до сих пор существующий кошелек с логином Genesis, в который были положены 50 BTC, сгенерированные в нулевом блоке. Согласно учетным записям, с него никогда не делались переводы на другие счета.

Стоит отметить, что термины «счет» и «кошелек» применимо к хранилищам криптовалюты являются крайне условными. Они не имеют ничего общего с аналогичными предметами из реальной жизни, что вполне логично, ведь и цифровые монеты — вовсе не монеты, а запись в блокчейне. Платформа биткоина устроена таким образом, что в ее архиве содержатся сведения обо всех действиях участников системы. И кошельки, которые заводят под себя пользователи — это тоже запись в одном из блоков. Она включает в себя два ключа (приватный и публичный), которые по сути и есть счета и одновременно названия хранилищ с BTC. Они представляют собой идентификационные коды, состоящие из длиннющего набора цифр и букв.

как хранить биткоины безопасно

Кошельки для хранения

Чтобы понять, где и как лучше хранить биткоины, следует подробно рассмотреть все варианты. В целом кошельки делятся на две большие группы: теплые и холодные. Первые доступны через интернет, вторые находятся на съемных носителях. Теплые кошельки бывают десктопными, онлайновыми и биржевыми. Холодные принято подразделять на бумажные и аппаратные.

Самый популярный вариант — десктопный. Для него необходимо скачать программу-клиент с официального сайта.

Наиболее востребованные для биткоинов хранилища такого типа — это уже упомянутый выше Bitcoin Core, а также Биткоин Нотс, ГринАддресс, АРКБит, Битго и др. В данном случае ваши деньги хранятся в блокчейне, размещенном на жестком диске ПК, доступ к ним можно получить с помощью приватного ключа. А чтобы принимать монеты извне и пересылать их на другие адреса, нужен публичный ключ, который по запросу каждый раз генерируется заново.

как хранить биткоины после покупки

Онлайн кошельки для биткоинов

Онлайн-кошельки требуют скачки не всего блокчейна, а только софта для управления, поэтому они занимают гораздо меньше места.

  • Их недостаток: вся информация о хранилище доступна через интернет, что ведет к риску взлома.
  • Но с надежными ресурсами, к которым относятся Криптонатор, Спектрокоин, Коинбэйс, Xapo такое происходит редко.
  • На любой бирже и на обменных сервисах можно завести внутренний кошелек, который тоже предназначен для содержания биткоинов.

Такое хранилище обеспечивает мгновенный доступ к средствам, используемым для торговли или обмена. Но держать здесь большие суммы не рекомендуется: сервисы нередко взламывают хакеры. Приватный ключ, являющийся одновременно названием кошелька, можно отпечатать на бумаге в виде QR-кода. Но такой носитель легко потерять или уничтожить. Так что у экспертов есть только один ответ на вопрос, как хранить биткоины безопасно — на флешке, но лучше — в специальном аппаратном кошельке. На каком устройстве надежнее всего держать свои средства: на Trezor или Ledger Nano.

Видео: Безопасное хранение криптовалют

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